STD / STI Treatment (Sexually Transmitted Disease / Infection)

STD/STI are abbreviation for sexually transmitted disease / infection. Many often the infected person may not show any symptom or sign of disease but still may transmit the infection to the partner and complications can arise if an STD/STI is left untreated. Serious complications like PID (pelvic inflammatory disease), infertility, organ damage and if left untreated for long enough, death may also occur. One must always consult a physician after any unprotected sexual contact.

Symptoms of STDs sometimes vary between men and women.

Common STD symptoms in men include:
  • Discharge from the penis (penile discharge)
  • Painful urination or ejaculation
  • Burning sensation during urination or frequent urge to urinate
  • Testicular pain or swelling
  • Rash on penis or genital area
  • Bumps, warts, lesions or sores on or around penis
  • Itching sensation on tip/head of penis
  • Rectal discharge, bleeding or pain
Common STD symptoms in women include
  • Unusual discharge
  • Vaginal itching
  • Bumps, warts, lesions or sores on or around vagina
  • Unusual vaginal odour
  • Burning sensation while urinating
  • Frequent urge to urinate
  • Pain during sex
  • Pelvic pain
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Rectal discharge, bleeding or pain

The STIs are infection that are most often transmitted through sexual contact (including penil-vaginal, oral or anal sex).

The common types of STIs are HIV, Herpes, Chlamydia, Genital Wart, Syphilis and Gonorrhea.
Three categories of STIs
  1. Parasitic e.g. scabies and pubic lice - can be cured.
  2. Bacterial e.g. chlamydia, gonorrhea and Syphilis – can be cured
  3. Viral e.g. HIV, herpes, HPV (can cause genital wart and cancer) – cannot be cured but symptoms can be treated. Once infected they remain in the body for the lifetime.
So its important to learn how to prevent STI.
  • No Risk - Be abstinent from any or all sexual activities.
  • Safer Sex or Low Risk - A sexually active person should always use a new latex condom for any sexual contact every single time without exception and be tested regularly for any STI and other infection. For someone allergic to latex should use the polyurethane condom. Safer sex practice – Single partner/No drugs/ No injection/ No alcohol
  • High Risk – multiple partners / use shared injections/ drugs / alcohol / not getting tested.